بایسته ها و چالش های افشای دلایل؛ جلوه ای از حقوق دفاعی متهم در اساسنامۀ دیوان کیفری بین المللی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشگاه پیام نور ایران، تهران

چکیده

افشای دلایل برای متهم یکی از مؤلفههای حقوق دفاعی وی است. عدالت کیفری
حکم میکند که وضعیت متهم در دستگاه عدالت کیفری تا حدی ارتقاء یابد که او بتواند
به دفاع از خود بپردازد. متهم پس از دستگیری از امکاناتی برخوردار نیست که دلایل تبرئه
کنندة اتهامات خود را جمعآوری و ارائه کند. در محاکمات کیفری بینالمللی این وظیفه
برعهدة دادستان قرار گرفته است تا اینکه وی علاوه بر تعهدات دیگر نیز به جمعآوری و
افشای دلایل به نفع متهم بپردازد. اگرچه اساسنامه و قواعد دادرسی و ادلۀ دیوان کیفری
بینالمللی در زمینۀ افشای دلایل به متهم واجد نوآوریهایی است، اما این افشاء در تعارض
با حمایت از شهود و قربانیان، حفظ محرمانگی دلایل و اطالۀ دادرسی قرار میگیرد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Necessities and Challenges of Evidences Disclosure; Manifestation of Defensive Rights of the Accused in ICC's Statute

نویسنده [English]

  • Javad Salehi
چکیده [English]

Disclosure of evidences to the accused is one of his defensive right
components. Criminal Justice requires that the position of the accused in the
criminal justice system be upgraded to the extent that he could defend himself.
The accused is not entitled to use the facilities for collecting and presenting
evidences for his acquittal charges after his arrest. In international criminal
trials it is the duty of the Prosecutor, so that, in addition to other obligations, he
may collect and disclose the evidences in favor of the accused. Although the
International Criminal Court's Statute and Rules of Procedure and Evidence are
innovative with regard to the evidences disclosure to the accused, but this
disclosure is inconsistent with the protection of witnesses and victims, the
confidentiality of reasons and prolongation of proceedings

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Criminal Court
  • Evidences Disclosure to Accused
  • Protection of Witnesses and Victims
  • Evidences Confidentiality and Prolongation of Proceedings
 
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