مسئولیت بین‌المللی اشتقاقی ناشی از کمک یا مساعدت با تاکید بر قضیه کاربرد مهمات خوشه‌ای در یمن

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشیار حقوق بینالملل عمومی دانشگاه بوعلی سینا (نویسنده مسئول)

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق بینالملل عمومی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

مداخله نظامی ائتلاف عربی به رهبری عربستان سعودی در بحران یمن (2015) می‌تواند از زوایای مختلف در نظام حقوق بین‌الملل بررسی گردد. یکی از این زوایا، قواعد ثانویه حقوق بین‌الملل است که نقض قواعد اولیه حقوق بین‌الملل را تعیین و آثار و پیامدهای آن را مشخص می‌کند. اصولاً هر دولتی، مسئول فعل متخلفانه‌ای است که خود مرتکب آن شده اما ضروریات و اقتضائات دیگری همچون حاکمیت قانون و جبران خسارت طرف زیان‌دیده، ایجاب می‌کند تا در برخی وضعیت‌ها، دولتی در قبال فعل متخلفانه‌ی دولتی دیگر واجد مسئولیت باشد. یکی از این وضعیت‌ها، مسئولیت اشتقاقی ناشی از کمک یا مساعدت در ارتکاب تخلف بین‌المللی از جانب دولتی دیگر است. کاربرد مهمات خوشه‌ای از سوی دولت عربستان علیه مواضعی در یمن و چگونگی تسلیح این دولت به این مهمات توسط دولت/دولت‌های ثالث می‌تواند در پرتو مسئولیت بین‌المللی اشتقاقی مورد بررسی قرار گیرد. این نوشتار، تلاش می‌کند با استفاده از مبانی این نوع از مسئولیت، مشخص کند که آیا دولت/دولت‌های ثالثی که عربستان را به سلاح‌های خوشه‌ای مجهز کرده‌اند بابت عمل این دولت مبنی بر کاربرد سلاح‌های خوشه‌ای مسئولیت دارند یا خیر.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Derived International Responsibility Resulted from Aid or Assistance with Emphasis on Case of Use of Cluster Munitions in Yemen

نویسندگان [English]

  • sattar azizi 1
  • Siamak Karimi 2
2 Tehran University
چکیده [English]

The Arab coalition’s military intervention in Yemen crisis (2015) which is led by Saudi Arabia can be studied through different aspects in the international law’s system. The secondary rules of international law which decide the breach of primary rules of international law and their consequences, is one of these aspects. Principally, each state is responsible for its own wrong doings, but in some cases, other considerations and necessities such as rule of law and reparation of injured party, requires a state to be held responsible regarding another state’s wrongful act. One of these cases is derived international responsibility which results from aiding or assisting another state which commits an international wrongful act. The use of cluster munitions by Saudi against positions in Yemen and armed this state with these munitions by third state/states could be examined in the light of the derived international responsibility. Using the principles of this type of responsibility, this article tries to resolve whether the third party state/states that have armed Saudi Arabia with cluster munitions, have responsibility in Saudis' usage of cluster weapons.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Derived International Responsibility
  • Complicity
  • Cluster Munitions
  • International Humanitarian Law
  • Distribution of Responsibility
) فارسی
کتاب
- ضیائی بیگدلی، محمدرضا. ( 1392 ). حقوق بینالملل بشردوستانه، تهران: انتشارات
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- ممتاز، جمشید و رنجبریان، امیرحسین. ( 1387 ). حقوق بینالملل بشردوستانه: مخاصمات
مسلحانه داخلی، تهران: نشر میزان.
- ممتاز، جمشید و شایگان، فریده. ( 1392 ). حقوق بینالملل بشردوستانه در برابر چالشهای
مخاصمات مسلحانه عصر حاضر، تهران: شهر دانش.
مقاله
عسگری، پوریا و هنکرتز، ژان ،« اصل تفکیک و کاربرد تسلیحات » .( - تاورنیه، پل. ( 1392
ماری، مجموعه مقالات همایش حقوق بین المللی بشردوستانه عرفی، تهران: مجمع علمی و
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ب) انگلیسی
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مسئولیت بینالمللی اشتقاقی ناشی از کمک یا مساعدت... 133
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