Document Type : Research Paper


1 MA. in Public Law; Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

2 Prof., Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law and Political Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran


The concept of Law was the most important in terms of pre-constitutional reforms in Iran. The evolution of this concept as a basic concept can be generalized to the evolvement of reformist ideas in Iran; Thus, the importance of studying this concept becomes apparent. The beginning step of Iran's legal reform was affected by the reforms of Russia and the Ottoman Empire; hence it was formed under the title of the Age of Tanzimat. It was the first attempt by the Iranians to regulate and limit authoritarian and unconditional power. This research formulates by the descriptive-analytical method and library data collection method. This study attempts to show the concept of Nazm/Order as a measure to evaluate society and how it influenced Iranians' understanding of the concept of law by examining the works of Iranian writers, especially the works of Mirzamalkamkhan NazemAl-Dawla. The primary intention of this study is to investigate the concept of Law affected by the discourse of Tanzimat. The concept of law in such a context seemed to be highly centralist and with a formalist attitude, it sought to limit absolute power and tyranny, which was the most important symbol of the lack of Nazm/order in Iranian society.


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