Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor of International Law, Faculty Member, Faculty of Humanities, Bu- Ali Sina University, Hamadan, Iran.

2 Ph.D. in public International Law, Allameh Tabatabaei University, Tehran, Iran.

3 Master of International Law, Civil and Development Higher Education Institute, Hamadan, Iran


So far, states' obligations to reduce greenhouse gas production have proved ineffective, and greenhouse gas emissions continue to increase. In such a circumstance, the approach to the legal obligation of states to reduce environmental risks associated with greenhouse gas production must provide a fresh insight into environmental damage, as well as facilitating the exploration of sustainable, ethical, and fair alternatives. It is undeniable that states' actions and the release of greenhouse gases by them will lead to the complete destruction of the earth in terms of environmental pollution and global warming. Consequently, it is essential that a strategy is developed to hold the state accountable for the environmental risks posed by greenhouse gases. Current research focuses on the critical question of what obligation states have to mitigate greenhouse gas emissions in order to counter global climate change, and to what extent are these Obligations legally binding? In light of the answer to this question, we assume that there are specific obligations imposed on states in order to reduce the amount of greenhouse gases produced in comparison to the past in order to achieve the goals of combating global climate change.


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