Document Type : Research Paper


1 Department of Public Law, Faculty of Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Public International Law, Qom University, Qom, Iran


The weakness of modern governments based on the representative system in establishing laws that are an expression of social norms prompted political thinkers to reconsider the relationship between the individual, society and the state. The public sphere as a solution that is trying to identify these norms by providing moral discourse procedures in a democratic context and make the parliament, in the light of the founding power, obliged to follow the norms emerging from the public sphere, as the main political attitude The modern era received the attention of these philosophers. On the other hand, neutrality as one of the new approaches reconsider the jurisdiction of governments. The main question is whether the neutral approach has the necessary ability to provide the platforms for the realization of the public sphere? Our assumption is that despite some incompatible attitudes, the mentioned approach has basic coordinations and works with the theory of the public sphere, which provides a suitable platform for the emergence of this sphere.


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