Document Type : Research Paper


1 Assistant Professor, Public Law, Mohaghegh Ardabili University, Ardabil, Ardabil

2 Depatement of law at university Mohaghegh Ardabili


Since the provincial government was first in France in 1800 and in Iran in 1316, It has been representative of the central government and the integrator of the departments located in a province which ensured the solidarity between the government and the nation. During the last decade, some governors and authorities have repeatedly claimed that the authority of governors is not sufficient to carry out their duties. This comparative study aims to compare the evolution of the governorship institution and their authority in relation to the local administrative institutions based in the province in France and Iran. The findings of the research indicate that the authority of governors in Iran, in relation to the local decentralized institutions, not only do not suffer from a lack and defects but the excess of the authority and extensive supervision of the governors in relation to these institutions requires substantial reform so that the authority and potential of the governors mainly lead to coordinating the numerous central agencies located in the region (decentration). Another finding of this research is that the position of governorship is complex and ambiguous, with adaptability and continuous innovation being the solution, rather than an increase in legal authority.


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