برچیدن تأسیسات نفت و گاز دریایی از منظر حقوق بین الملل

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 استادیار حقوق بینالملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشجوی دکتری حقوق نفت و گاز دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

 
برچیدن تأسیسات نفت و گاز دریایی یکی از مسائل پیچیده صنعت نفت و گاز عصر حاضر به
شمار میرود که دربرگیرنده مسائل حقوقی، اقتصادی، سیاسی و زیستمحیطی گستردهای است.
اگرچه این مسائل همواره در صنعت نفت و گاز جهان دارای اهمیت بودهاند، بااینحال، از اواسط
دهه 1980 که تولید از میدانهای نفت و گاز دریایی رو به افول گذاشت، ابعاد مختلف آن به
چالشی جدی برای دولتهای میزبان و شرکتهای نفتی تبدیل شده است. این نوشتار ضمن اینکه
درصدد شناسایی چالشهای پیش روی این صنعت در رابطه با برچیدن تأسیسات نفت و گاز
دریایی است، به دنبال پاسخ به این مسئله است که چه مقرراتی در سطح بینالمللی بر مدیریت
حقوقی جمعآوری این تأسیسات حاکم است و دیگر اینکه آیا قوانین و مقررات بینالمللی و
منطقهای موجود از کارایی مناسبی برخوردار است. مقاله حاضر بر این نتایج استوار است که
مقررات بینالمللی موجود از هماهنگی لازم و کارایی مناسبی برخوردار نبوده و علاوه بر این، در
حال حاضر، یکسانسازی و به عبارتی تشکیل حقوق عرفی بینالمللی در خصوص برچیدن
تأسیسات نفت و گاز دریایی، به دلیل اینکه مبانی کافی برای ایجاد چنین قاعدهای وجود ندارد،
میسر نیست.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Decommissioning of Offshore Oil and Gas Installations under the International Law

نویسندگان [English]

  • Javad Kashani 1
  • Mostafa Rezaeyan Mehr 2
چکیده [English]

The decommissioning of offshore oil and gas installations is considered as
one of the most complicated problems of our time, that comprises broad legal,
economic, political and environmental issues. Although such factors have
always been important in oil and gas industry, but with the decline of production
from oil and gas fields since mid 1980s it has turned into a serious challenge for
the oil companies and states. This paper seeks to identify the challenges faced by
the oil and gas industry regarding the issue of decommissioning of offshore oil
and gas installations, and furthermore to identify the regional and international
applicable law on decommissioning and their efficiency. The paper concludes
that the existing international regulations lack the required consistency and
efficiency. Moreover, currently integration or formation of customary
international law concerning decommissioning of offshore oil and gas
installations would be impossible due to lack of necessary basis for the creation
of such rule.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Offshore Oil and Gas Installations
  • Decommissioning
  • Offshore Residuals Disposal
  • Sustainable Development
 
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