دکترین حاشیه مجاز تفسیر در رویه دادگاه اروپایی حقوق بشر

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه امام حسین (ع)

2 مرکز تحقیقات و اطلاع رسانی اتاق اسلامی

چکیده

در خصوص ماهیت دکترین حاشیه مجاز تفسیر، دیدگاه­های متفاوتی وجود دارد. برخی بر این باورند که اگرچه دکترین مزبور امکان اجرای حقوق بشر بر اساس ویژگی­های محلی را امکان‌پذیر ساخته، اما نحوه استفاده آن توسط دادگاه اروپایی حقوق بشر به نسبی‌گرایی منتهی نشده است. ولی این نوشتار بر این باور است که دکترین مزبور ریشه در نسبی­گرایی ضعیف (جهانشمولی قوی) دارد. بررسی دلایل منطقی و مبانی اعمال دکترین حاشیه مجاز تفسیر در رویه دادگاه اروپایی حقوق بشر، تأملی بر آرای دادگاه در این زمینه و هم‌چنین بررسی مباحث پیرامون ماهیت نسبی‌گرایی این دکترین در ادبیات، شواهدی دالّ بر تأیید این مدعا است که حاشیه مجاز تفسیر، ریشه در نسبی‌گرایی فرهنگی دارد. از طرفی دیگر، با مطالعه کمّی و کیفی تنوعات پذیرفته شده از طرف این دکترین، از مجرای بررسی: حوزه، گستره و استانداردهای کاربست حاشیه مجاز تفسیر در رویه دادگاه اروپایی حقوق بشر، این نتیجه حاصل می‎شود که نسبی‌گرایی مذکور را می‌توان نسبی‌گرایی ضعیف نامید.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Application of the Margin of Appreciation Doctrine in the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights

نویسندگان [English]

  • Hossein Sharifi Tarazkoohi 1
  • Javad Mobini 2
چکیده [English]

Jurists have expressed various propositions about the true nature of Margin of Appreciation Doctrine. Some believe that although application of the doctrine allows for exercise of human rights with having local cultural diversities in consideration, following up with cited doctrine in practice by European Court of Human Rights has not been amounted yet to relativism. This paper however, suggests that the doctrine sits on shaky relativism but rather strong universalism. It further argues that the study of rational behind the application of the doctrine in European Court of Human Rights practice, the Court’s decisions wherein similar reference has been made and the study of available academic literature on this topic show that Margin of Appreciation Doctrine emanates from cultural relativism. On the other hand, quantitative and qualitative study of the diversities are accepted by the doctrine – in terms of scope, field of reference and application standards – leads to the conclusion that the Margin of Appreciation  may be regarded as  ‘Weak Cultural Relativism.     
 

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Human Rights
  • European Court of Human Rights
  • Margin of Appreciation Doctrine
  • Cultural Relativism
 
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