نقش نظام ثبت اختراع در حمایت از محیط زیست با تأکید بر کنوانسیون تنوع زیستی

نوع مقاله: مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

1 دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

2 دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

توسعۀ صنعتی و بهکارگیری طیف گستردهای از فنآوریهای نوین یکی از عوامل مؤثر درت
افزایش سرمایهگذاری، رشد اقتصادی و ارتقای سطح رفاه جامعه هستند . باوجوداین، مطابق با
تحقیقات انجام شده و شواهد تجربی موجود تأثیرات زیستمحیطی نامطلوبی را همچون تغییرات
آب و هوایی و گرم شدن کرة زمین به همراه داشتهاند. در این میان نظام ثبت اختراع بهعنوان ابزار
حقوقی تشویق و حمایت از ابداعات و پیشرفت های صنعتی نقش انکارناپذیری در میزان این
تأثیرات زیستمحیطی دارد. آلودگیهای زیستی عمدتاً ناشی از فعالیتهای صنعتی و بهکارگیری
فنآوریهایی است که قبلاً یا در حال حاضر تحت حمایت قوانین ثبت اختراع هستند. با توجه به
تأکید کنوانسیون تنوع زیستی بر لزوم حفاظت از محیط زیست در کنار توسعۀ پایدار، مقالۀ پیشِ
رو تلاش میکند، با تحلیل مکاتب موجود در حمایت از اختراعات، نارساییهای حقوقی موجود
در قوانین ثبت اختراع را در خصوص حمایت از محیط زیست تبیین کند و در ادامه ضمن اشاره به
آرای محاکم بینالمللی راهکارهایی را برای کاهش چالش های زیستمحیطی از طریق
پیشنهادهایی برای اصلاح نظام ثبت اختراع ارائه دهد

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Examination of the Role of Patent Regime in the Protection of Environment (with a Particular Emphasis on the CBD)

نویسندگان [English]

  • Mehdi Zahedi 1
  • Mohammad Hossein Erfn Manesh 1
  • Seyd Mohammad Tabatabae'i Nejad 2
چکیده [English]

Industrial development and application of wide range of modern
technologies are one of the influential factors in the increase of investment,
economic growth and promotion of social welfare. However, according to
conducted research and existing empirical evidence, those factors have brought
about negative environmental impacts such as climate change and global
warming. Here, patent system as a main legal framework to encourage and
protect innovations, inventions and industrial progress has an undeniable role in
the extent of such negative environmental impacts. Biological pollution is mainly
the result of industrial activities and application of technologies that were or are
protected under patent laws. Since the Convention on Biological Diversity
emphasizes on the necessity of the preservation of environment and sustainable
development, this Article tries to identify and clarify the legal gaps in patent
laws by studying the patent protection theories and rationales, and further
through the analysis of such laws and international cases put forward a number
of solutions to the environmental challenges by offering some suggestions
regarding the amendment of patent system.

 
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تفاوت در اندازه » ،( - عرفانمنش، محمدحسین؛ محمودی، مرتضی؛ زاهدی، مهدی، ( 1391
فصلنامه اخلاق ،« نانو ذرات: بررسی شروط جدید و ابتکاری بودن در اختراعات فنآوری نانو . زیستی، سال دوم، بهار، شماره 3
کنوانسیون تنوع زیستی و حقوق مالکیت فکری: مطالعهای » ،( - کرمزاده، سیامک، ( 1382. مجله مجلس و پژوهش، تابستان، شماره 38 ،« در توسعه پایدار
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