نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی دانشگاه شهید باهنر کرمان، کرمان، ایران

چکیده

گاهی تجربه زنان، معجون تلخی از حاشیه‌نشینی، خشونت و سلطه فرهنگی است. برای مواجۀ اخلاقی با این وضعیت، یکی از رهیافت‌ها برابری است، اما این مفهوم به‌واسطۀ متن‌باز بودن، مدلول و مَرتَبت آن محمل منازعه است. برابری هم مفهومی توصیفی است و هم هنجاری، در هیئتِ یک مفهوم توصیفی، رابطه‌ای است وصفی میان دو فرد که از برخی جهات همانند می‌باشند. در معنای هنجاری که به عالم اعتبار تعلق دارد و تجویز رفتار خاص با همه است، مرتبط است با درک ما از آنچه باید باشد و مبتنی است بر ارزش مورد پیگیری که غالباً «عدالت» است. در حقوق بینالملل، از میان سه گفتمان برابری (قابلیت‌ها، حق و سرمایه انسانی) گفتمان حق در قالب قواعد اولیه حقوق بینالملل و از طریق معاهدات، عرف و رویه قضایی که منابع صوری این نظام حقوقی میباشند مورد شناسایی قرار گرفته است. اما نتوانسته در منابع واقعی حقوق بینالملل و قواعد ثانویه آن عینیت بیابد. در این پژوهش با رویکرد توصیفی- تحلیلی برابری در جایگاه یک اصل کلی حقوقی، اشکال ماهوی، شکلی و تحولی آن و نسبت آن با مفاهیم تبعیض، تفاوت، عاملیت،توانمندسازی و جایگاه آن در میان قواعد اولیه و ثانویه حقوق بینالملل بررسی می‌شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

The Concept, Status, and Models of Equality in the International Literature on Women’s Rights

نویسنده [English]

  • ata allah salehi

Assistant Professor, Public International Law, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran

چکیده [English]

Sometimes the experience of women is an unpleasant combination of marginalization, violence and cultural domination. To ethically encounter with this situation, one approach is equality; however, its content is controversial due to its open source text. Equality is a descriptive concept, and normative; within the form of a descriptive concept, it refers to a descriptive relationship between two individuals who are similar in some respects. In the normative sense, that belongs to the world of credit and prescribes a particular behavior to all, it is related to our understanding of what should be and is based on desired value which is often "justice". In international law, among the three discourses of equality (capabilities, rights and human capital), the rights is recognized in the framework of the primary rules and through treaties, custom and judicial procedures, which are the formal sources of this legal system, but fails in the actual sources of international law and its secondary rules .This research, by descriptive-analytic approach, shows equality as a legal general principle; its forms, and its relation to the concepts such as discrimination, difference, agency, empowerment and investigates its position among the primary and secondary rules of international law.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Gender Equity
  • Human Rights
  • women
  • International Law
  • justice
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ب- انگلیسی
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