نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

استادیار حقوق بین الملل دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی، تهران، ایران

چکیده

مهاجران با توجه به دسترسی محدود به مراقبت های بهداشتی ، عدم امنیت شغلی و وضعیت مهاجرتی نامناسب از آسیب پذیرترین افراد درگیر در شرایط فعلی هستند بنابراین هرگونه اقدام دولتها باید نیازهای اقشار آسیب پذیر از جمله زنان مهاجر را دربرگیرد. افزایش میزان مهاجرت زنان عامل نگرانی‌هایی در مورد مسائل امنیتی، بهداشتی، سلامتی شده است که نیاز به بررسی قوانین و سیاست های موجود دارد. از اهداف نوشتارحاضر بررسی حق بر سلامت زنان مهاجردر شرایط بحرانی کرونا با رویکرد توصیفی-تحلیلی بوده و درصدد پاسخگویی به این سؤال اصلی مبنی بر اینکه آسیب های ناشی از پاندومی کرونا در حوزه حق سلامت چیست؟ در شرایط بحران اپیدمی کرونا، چه راهکارهایی برای مهار اسیب های ناشی از این بیماری بر حق سلامت زنان مهاجر وجود دارد؟ بدیهی است که همه ی انسان ها و مهاجران حق بر سلامتی دارندو تدابیر گسترده ای در اسناد حقوق بشری برای حمایت از حق برسلامت این افراد و برای رفع نابرابری های بهداشتی وجود دارد. نتایج یافته ها نشان می دهد با وجود کنوانسیون ها، کنفرانس ها و تحولات به وجودآمده، هنوز کاستی های زیادی نسبت به حق برسلامت این قشر آسیب پذیر زنان مهاجربالخص دروضعیت پاندومی کرونا دیده می شود.

کلیدواژه‌ها

عنوان مقاله [English]

Challenges to the Health of Immigrant Women in the Light of International Human Rights with Emphasis on the Covid-19 Crisis

نویسنده [English]

  • Anahita Seifi

Assistant Professor Allameh Tabataba'i University, Tehran, Iran

چکیده [English]

Immigrants are among the most vulnerable to Coronavirus pandemic conditions due to limited access to health care. Therefore, any action by governments must address the needs of vulnerable groups, including migrant women. Increasing the rate of women's migration; raises concerns about safety, health, and wellness issues, and makes it inevitable to pay attention to review existing laws and policies. One of the aims of this article is to study the right to health of immigrant women in Coronavirus crisis situations with a descriptive-analytical approach and seeks to answer the main question: what are the harms caused by the corona pandemic in the field of right to health of immigrant women? The results show that there are major challenges to the right to health of migrant women in the coronavirus pandemic. Indifference to the feminization of immigration leads to the lack of relevant policies and awareness in the countries of origin and host, and the protection of the rights, safety, and mental health of immigrant women in a difficult crisis. paying attention to the complexities of gender and immigration in programs and policies reduces the health costs of immigrant women. Cooperation at the international and national levels by emphasizing the Global Compact on Migration and other international instruments, allocating sufficient resources and empowering migrant women by removing barriers and facilitating access to services can be effective and helpful.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • Corona's pandemic
  • the feminization of immigration
  • The right to health
  • international human rights instruments
  • immigration policies
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