تعارض تعهدات سند موسس سازمان‌های بین‌المللی و تصمیمات شورای امنیت

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسندگان

پردیس فارابی دانشگاه تهران

چکیده

امروزه سازمان‌های بین‌المللی در راستای اجرای تصمیمات شورای امنیت، نقش مهم و تأثیرگذاری ایفا می‌کنند. در این راستا ممکن است میان تعهدات دولت‌ها در سازمان‌های بین‌المللی و تصمیمات شورای امنیت تعارض وجود داشته باشد. دو دیدگاه در این زمینه مطرح شده است: 1- دیدگاه اتحادیه اروپایی مبنی بر تقدم حقوق داخلی سازمان‌های بین‌المللی بر قطعنامه‌های شورای امنیت، 2- دیدگاه تقدم قطعنامه‌های شورای امنیت با استناد به ماده 103 منشور ملل متحد. این‌که چه مقامی در راستای تفسیر این تقدم و برتری مسئله را بررسی کند، نقش مهمی در اتخاذ این دو رویکرد دارد. همچنان که دیوان دادگستری اتحادیه اروپا در راستای حفظ ارزش‌های اتحادیه اروپایی و در مقابله با آن دسته از تصمیمات شورای امنیت که مغایر با آن ارزش‌ها هستند، نگرش اول را انتخاب کرده است و رویه سازمان ملل متحد نشان از برتری نگرش دوم می‌دهد. نگرشی که به موجب آن تصمیمات شورای امنیت را بخشی از تعهدات منشور می‌داند.

کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

The Conflict Between The constituent instrument of Intrnational Organization and The Security Council Resolutions

چکیده [English]

Today, International Organizations play an important and effective role in implementing the decisions of the United Nations Security Council. In this way, the conflict between the constituent instrument of International Organizations and The Security Council Resolutions may arise. There are two approaches in this field. 1- The European Union approach, according to it The Internal law of International Organizations has priority on The United Nations Security Council Resolutions. 2- Priority of the Security Council Resolutions according to the article 103 of the Charter of United Nations. The authority, who wants to construe the priority, has an important role in applying one of the two approaches. The European Court of Justice has choosed the first approach in order to maintain its fundamental values against the Security Council resolutions that are in contrast with them and the United Nations practice shows the priority of the latter approach, according to it the Security Council resolutions are the integral part of the Charter's obligations.

کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • International Organizations
  • Security Council
  • European Union
  • article 103 of the Charter of United Nations
  • UN practice
الف- فارسی
-           ضیایی بیگدلی، محمدرضا، (1389)، حقوق بین‌الملل عمومی، تهران: گنج دانش.
 
ب- انگلیسی
 
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Security Council Resolutions:
S/RES/661, (1990), Iraq-Kuwait.
S/RES/687, (1991), Iraq-Kuwait.
S/RES/713, (1991), Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia.
S/RES/748, (1992), Libyan Arab Jamahiriya.
S/RES/757, (1992), Bosnia and Herzegovina.
S/RES/833, (1993), Iraq-Kuwait
S/RES/841, (1993), Haiti
S/RES/864, (1993), Angola
S/RES/917, (1994), Haiti
S/RES/918, (1994), UN Assistance Mission for Rwanda.
S/RES/1127, (1997), Angola
S/RES/1160, (1998), On the letters from the United Kingdom (S/1998/223) and the United States (S/1998/272).
S/RES/1166, (1998), On the International Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY).
S/RES/1173, (1998), Angola.
S/RES/1267, (1999), Afghanistan.
S/RES/1298, (2000), Eritrea and Ethiopia.
S/RES/1422, (2002), United Nations peacekeeping.
S/RES/1487, (2003), United Nations peacekeeping.