جرح داور در داوری سرمایه گذاری بین المللی: نقدی بر رویه داوری ایکسید و ارائه راهکار مناسب

نوع مقاله : مقاله پژوهشی

نویسنده

دانشگاه علامه طباطبائی

چکیده

جرحداوریکیازموضوعاتمحلمناقشهدرداوریبین­المللی است. استانداردقابلاعمالبرایتعیینعدمبیطرفیوعدماستقلالداوردرداوریایکسیدمتفاوتازاستانداردقابلاعمالدرداوریتجاریبین­المللیوداوریسرمایهگذاریبین­المللیدرمراجععمومیداوری است. درداوریتجاریبین­المللیمعیارتعیینجرحداور " تردیدمتعارف " است ،امادرداوریایکسیدبراساسماده٥٧کنوانسیونواشنگتن،جرحداوربرمبنای " عدمصلاحیتآشکار" موردبررسیقرارمی­گیرد. اکثردیوان­هایداوریایکسیداعتقادبهدوگانگیاستانداردجرحداوردرداوریتجاریبین­المللیوداوریایکسیددارندکهامرینامطلوبوقابلنقداست .  بااینوجود،گرایشجدیدیدرنظامایکسیدمشاهدهمی­گرددکهمعیار " تردیدمتعارفرامعیارقابلاعمالبرایجرحداورمی­داند. اینمقالهبابررسیرویهداوریایکسیدونقدآن،امکاناعمالاستاندارد " تردیدمتعارف" درداوریایکسیدراموردتجزیهوتحلیلقرارمی­دهدودرنهایتنتیجه­گیریمی­نماید که برایرفعدوگانگیاستانداردجرحداوردرداوریبین­المللی،معیار " تردیدمتعارف" بایدموردتوجهدیوان­هایایکسیدقراربگیرد.



کلیدواژه‌ها


عنوان مقاله [English]

Challenge of Arbitrators in ICSID Investment Arbitration: A Critique and an Appropriate Solution

چکیده [English]

Challenge of arbitrators is a controversial issue in international arbitration in
general and in ICSID Arbitration in particular. There is a consensus that the
lack of impartiality and independency leads arbitrators to be challenged.
However, there is a duality of standards for challenging arbitrators. In
international commercial arbitration and international investment arbitration
which are not based on the Washington Convention, the standard is based on the
standard of "reasonable doubt". By contrast, ICSID Arbitration adheres to the
criterion of "lack of manifest" by virtue of Article 57 of the Washington
Convention. The majority of ICSID Tribunals make a distinction between ICSID
Arbitration and non-ICSID arbitration, which is unsatisfactory and could be
criticised. By evaluating pertinent ICSID Arbitration cases, this Article argues
that ICSID regime is ambiguous in terms of the challenge of arbitrators. It
concludes that for the purpose of adopting a unitary standard for the challenge
of arbitrators in international arbitration, ICSID Arbitration Rules as amended
in 2006 and some ICSID cases have provided the basis for invoking the standard
of "reasonable doubt".



کلیدواژه‌ها [English]

  • "Challenge of Arbitrators"
  • "ICSID Investment Arbitration"
  • "International Arbitration"
  • "Washington Convention"
  • "Reasonable and Justifiable Doubts"
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آرایداوریمرکزایکسید
 
 
- Suez, Sociedad General de Aguas de Barcelona SA v Argentina
(ICSID Case No. ARB/03/19, ICSID Case No ARB/03/17
 
- Amco v Indonesia
(ICSID Case No. ARB/81/1)
 
- Compania de Aguas del Aconquija SA and Vivendi Universal SA v the Argentina Republic
ICSID Case No ARB /97/3 (2001)
 
- SGS v Pakistan
ICSID Case No ARB/ 01/13 (2002)”
 
- Azurix v Argentina
ICSID Case No. ARB/01/12
 
- EDF v Argentina
ICSID Case No. ARB/03/23 (2008)
 
- National Energy Corporation v Panama
ICSID Case No ARB/06/19 (2011)
 
- Universal Compression v Venezuela
ICSID Case No ABR/10/9 (2011)
 
- Opic Karimum v Venezuela
ICSID Case No ABR/10/14 (2011)
 
- Concophilips v Venezuela
ICSID Case No ABR/07/30 (2012)
 
- Alpha Projektholding GmbH v Ukraine
(ICSID Case No ARB/07/16 (2012)
 
- Tidewater v Venezuela
(ICSID Case No ARB /11/29 (2012)
 
 
- Harvatska Electroprivreda v Slovenia
(ICSID Case No ARB/05/24 (2008)
 
- Rompetrol NV Group v Romenia
ICSID Case No ABR/06/3 (2010)
 
- Perenco v Ecuador
ICSID Case No. ARB/08/6, 2009
 
- Urbaser v Argentina
(ICSID Case No. ARB/07/26, 2010)